Burnt Sienna

Burnt Sienna

Burnt Sienna: Natural calcined (roasted) earth pigment. More opaque today than 200 years ago. For greater transparency, consider Gamblin Transparent Earth Colors and Van Dyke Brown. Pigment: Calcined natural iron oxide (PBr 7) Vehicle: Alkali refined linseed oil...
Alizarin Crimson

Alizarin Crimson

Alizarin Crimson: Cool, slightly bluish red with smoky glaze. 19th century “lake” color made by the fusing a dye on to a substrate. Only Alizarin Crimson is still commonly used by painters today. Pigment: Synthetic 1:2 dihydroxyanthraquinone on alumina (PR...
Burnt Umber

Burnt Umber

Burnt Umber: Vigorous drier due to high manganese content. Burnt Umber is useful as an underpainting drawing color. Because of high oil content, use thinly in under layers. Pigment: Calcined natural iron oxide, containing manganese (PBr 7) Vehicle: Alkali refined...
Cadmium Green

Cadmium Green

Cadmium Green: A bright, light green mixture of Viridian and Cadmium Yellow. Opaque and useful to make muted colors of the natural world. No health labeling required. Pigment: Concentrated cadmium zinc sulfide, hydrated chromium oxide (PY 35, PG 18) Vehicle: Alkali...
Van Dyke Brown

Van Dyke Brown

Van Dyke Brown: Warmest Gamblin black. Good glazing color and useful for adding “gallery tone.” Completely lightfast and permanent, it’s made from bone black and iron oxide. Pigment: Bone black, iron oxide (PBk 9, PBr 7) Vehicle: Alkali refined...
India Red

India Red

India Red: Originally a natural, more purple iron oxide imported from India. First synthesized in the 18th century as a “Mars” color, contemporary Indian Red is very dense purplish red with great hiding power. Pigment: Synthetic red iron oxide (bluish...
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